Ectropion is a condition where the eyelid turns outward. Typically ectropion occurs on the lower eyelid exposing the inner lid in either one section of eye or across the entire lid. Ectropion prevents tears from draining from the eye correctly, resulting in irritation.
Causes of Ectropion
Ectropion usually occurs in older adults as a result of the aging process. In adults the connective tissue around the eyes may progressively weaken. Other causes of ectropion include:
Removal of too much skin during blepharoplasty
Congenital birth defect
Growths on the eyelid
Rapid weight loss
Symptoms Associated with Ectropion
The major symptoms of ectropion are usually:
Redness both on the eye and the eyelid
Treatment of Ectropion
The eyelid area is numbed with a local anesthetic and a light sedation may also be provided. The eyelid is tightened at the outer corner of the eyelid, called the lateral canthus, with a non-absorbable suture to secure the eyelid and absorbable sutures to close the skin. The procedure takes 10-15 minutes and can be combined with Cosmetic procedures if the patient desires.
Patients need to apply ice compresses for 48-72 hours after surgery. Post-operatively an antibiotic and steroid ointment will need to be applied. Symptoms of ectropion usually resolve immediately. There may be some short-term bruising or swelling as a result of the procedure.